Gyógyszerészet 2018. május

Gygyszet Borito 1805

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Továbbképző közlemények

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[item title=”Szakonyi Zsolt: Természetes és szintetikus édesítőszerek kémiája – GYOGAI. 62. 259-270. 2018.”]

Irodalom

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8. Aidoo, R.P., Depypere, F., Afoakwa, E.O., Dewettinck, K.: Trends Food Sci. Technol. 32, 84-96 (2013).

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Szakonyi, Z.: Chemistry of natural and artificial sweeteners

Nowadays artifical sweeteners have got an increasing interest in both pharmaceutical and food industry because of obesity and diabetes are major problems throughout the world. These artificial sweeteners might provide solution of the problem because of their less calorie content.

Although these additives are the most frequently studied and examined chemical substances all over the world and several of them are official in European Pharmacopoeia, many of false allegations can be found on internet about their toxic side effects. The manuscript gives a short overview about the most frequently applied natural and artificial sweeteners according their chemical classification, their natural occurance or typical industrial synthesis.

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[item title=”Konta Melinda: A minőségbiztosítás új lehetőségei és eszközei: Minőségtervezés és folyamatmenedzsment  – GYOGAI. 62. 270-278. 2018.”]

Irodalom

1. http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/regulation/document_listing/document_listing_000162.jsp letöltve: 2017.09.14

2. http://leanszotar.hu/page.php?186 letöltve: 2018.02.

3. ICH Harmonised Tripatite Guideline, Pharmaceutical Development Q8(R2), Current Step 4 version dated August 2009, Adopted by CHMP, June 2009, issued as CHMP/ICH/167068/04.

4 . ICH Harmonised Tripatite Guideline, Development and Manufacture of Drug Substances (Chemical Entities and Biotechnological/Biological Entities) Q11, Current Step 4 version dated 1 May 2012, Adopted by CHMP, May 2012, issued as EMA/CHMP/ICH/425213/2011.

5. ICH Harmonised Tripatite Guideline, Quality Risk Managment Q9, Current Step 4 version dated 9 November 2005, Published on the EMA website with an Explanatory Note, January 2006, issued as EXT/24235/2006.

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14. Guidance for Industry PAT

A Framework for Innovative Pharmaceutical Development, Manufacturing, and Quality Assurance

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Minőségügyi menedzser tanfolyam (2015).

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Konta M.: New opportunities and tools in the quality assurance: Quality by Design and Process Analytical Technology

Quality by Design (QbD) philosophy is a scientific and risk-based approach to the design, development and maintenance of pharmaceuticals and manufacturing processes, and product maintenance throughout its life cycle. Effective quality risk management can help to make better and more informed decisions, and will also allow official actors to provide more effective and flexible support, primarily for the benefit of patients.

A constructive change of attitude not only serves the interests of the company and the economic actors but also promotes patient and quality-oriented thinking. I addition, advanced use of enhanced control strategies has increased, integrating Process Analytical Technology (PAT) and quality improvement methods, as well as quality indicators (Cpk, Ppk), which are essential for evaluating the process. In designing quality and process, the evaluation and testing of the relevant data can be more effective using statistical tools, allowing short and long-term tracking of process capability. The change in the value of quality indicators is a feedback to the company and to the professionals about the effectiveness and success of the quality improvement measures applied.

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[item title=”Tábi Tamás: Allergiás folyamatok és allergia elleni szerek – mechanizmus és hatásmechanizmus – GYOGAI. 62. 278-282 2018.”]

Irodalom

1. Katzung, B. G., Trevor, A. J. (eds.): Badic and Clinical Pharmacology 13th ed., McGraw-Hill Education 2015.

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3. Roberts, G., Boyle, R., Crane, J., Hogen, S. P., Saglani, S., Wickman, M., Woodfalk J. A.: Clin. Exp. Allergy 47, 1512-1525 (2017).

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5. Martin-Orozco, E., Norte-Munoz, M., Martinez-Garcia, J.: Frontiers Pediatr. 5, 117 (2017).

6. Randall, K. L., Hawkins C. A.: Antihistamines and allergy Australian Prescriber 41, 42-45 (2018).

Tábi, T.: Allergic disorders and antiallergic drugs

Allergic disorders are characterized by increasing incidence over the last decades. This increase is connected to the altered maturation of the immune system due to the less frequent infectious diseases. The most common allergic disorder, the so called type 1 or anaphylacitc reactions are mediated by IgE antibodies. Glucocorticoids are the most effective therapies for all types of allergy by inhibiting multiple immune pathways. H1-antihistamines and leukotriene antagonists are also widely used. The first biopharmacuticals are now available for the treatment of severe allergic diseases

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[item title=”Somogyi-Végh Anna, Magyar Bernadett, Vida Róbert György: Gyógyszer-gyógynövény interakciók: Reális kockázat vagy csupán rossz hírnév? – Két példa elemzése – II. rész – GYOGAI. 62. 282-289 2018.”]

Irodalom

Az 1-60. irodalmi hivatkozás az I. rész végén olvasható [Gyógyszerészet 62, 209-210 (2018)]

 

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Somogyi-Végh A., Magyar B., Vida R. Gy.: Herb-drug interactions: real risks or just hype?

Analysis of two examples Part II.

The harmful consequences of herb-drug interactions can and should be prevented, however, screening and management of potential interactions is a challenging task for healthcare professionals. A structured analysis of two common pharmacodynamic herb-drug interactions is presented in the article: Ginkgo biloba + antithrombotics and Hypericum perforatum + antidepressants. Based on our results, the main obstacles of interaction screening are the following: (1) the lack of a comprehensive and verified database of supplementary products, (2) a lack of standardised nomenclature and classification of herbal ingredients, (3) over-citation of anecdotal or irrelevant interactions, (4) substantial discrepancies between different information sources and (5) a lack of practical recommendations and consensus on the management of interactions. Basically the well-known pitfalls of computerized interaction screening are complicated by additional factors. It is critical for example, not to automatically extrapolate the interacting properties of a given component to all products containing the herb. Evidence-based management of herb-drug interactions requires complex clinical, pharmacological and pharmacognostical expertise, all of which is part of pharmacists’ curriculum

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[item title=”Lakatos Péter: A D-aminosavak biológiai jelentősége – GYOGAI 62. 294-297. 2018.”]

Irodalom

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Lakatos, P.: Biological relevance of D-amino acids

For decades only L-amino acids were considered natural compounds as no free D-amino acids were detected in living organisms. However, due to the development of analytical technologies, D-amino acids were not only found in significant abundance but have been connected to several biological functions in plants and animals, and even in humans. D-serine was found recently to be a co-agonist of the NMDA-receptor. Since its binding to the co-agonist site is crucial for the activation of the NMDA receptor, D-serine plays an important role in learning and memory. Changes in its extracellular concentration have been linked to several diseases of the central nervous system such as schizophrenia and ALS. D-aspartate, the most abundant D-amino acid in humans, is involved in the maturation of organs and in the regulation of hormone synthesis and release. The role of D-amino acids in physiological functions and pathologic conditions requires further investigation as altering the D-amino acid levels in humans might yield novel therapeutic strategies.

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Hírek

XLIII. Gyógyszeranalitikai Továbbképző Kollokvium Bükfürdő, 2018. április 19-21. – Az Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület tisztújító közgyűlése Kolozsvár, 2018. április 7. – Illatos bélyegen a 2018-as év gyógynövénye, a valódi levendula – Hírek Szegedről

Tallózó

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Tábi Tamás: Allergiás folyamatok és allergia elleni szerek – mechanizmus és hatásmechanizmus

Lakatos Péter: A D-aminosavak biológiai jelentősége

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